Since 1953 the lawyers started to practice law at the Nepalese courts. In the span of nearly 4 decades, today the Nepalese Bar has emerged as a strong organization. Until the promulgation of the Bar Council Act in 1992, lawyers were under the supervision and control of the Supreme Court. Presently the Bar is administered by the Nepalese Bar Council headed by the Attorney General of Nepal. The Bar Council of Nepal is a policy making body, which is also responsible for conducting the qualifying tests to enter into the Bar. Besides, the Council has to work for the professional development of lawyers as well as to look into disciplinary matters relating to the Nepalese lawyers.
Nepal Bar Association is the central organization of the Nepalese Bar. Supreme Court Bar Association, Appellate Court Bar Associations and District Court Bar Associations are established under the Nepal Bar Association. Nepal Bar Association is also a policy making body of the Nepalese Bar.
Lawyers in Nepal are classified into three categories:
- Senior Advocate: The Supreme Court awards the title of Senior Advocate to any Advocate of reputation with a minimum of 15 years of experience and having significant contribution in the society in the field of legal practice.
- Advocate: The Bar Council is empowered to award the title of advocate to any law graduate, or a pleader with 15 years of experience, or a pleader holding a law degree with 7 years of experience, or any retired judge and officer of Nepalese Judicial Service with 5 years of experience and any law teacher with 5 years of experience provided that they qualify in the Bar entry test for the Advocates.
- Pleader: The Bar Council is empowered to award the title of Pleader to any person holding intermediate degree in law or who has worked as an agent for a minimum of 5 years and who has qualified in the Bar entry test for the Pleaders.
The Senior Advocates and Advocates may plead and practice in any courts in the country. The pleaders may plead and practice in all the courts other than the Supreme Court.