By 2010, the Japanese government plans to double the number of candidates allowed to pass the bar exam to about 3,000 to overcome the lawyer shortage (about 3% of those who sat for the exam were allowed to pass annually). The Foreign Lawyers Act introduced in 2005, allows foreign lawyers to employ and form partnerships with Japanese lawyers.


These “A Guide to Rules for Foreign Special Members” and “Related Rules and Regulations” are revisions of which distributed at the Guidance about new JFBA Rules and Regulations concerning the amended Gaiben Law held on 24th February 2005 as drafts.

PDF A Guide to Rules for Foreign Special Members (PDF:334KB)

(October 2005/Foreign Lawyers and International Legal Practice Committee)
Act on Special Measures concerning the Handling of Legal Services by Foreign Lawyers (the Cabinet Secretariat website)
Ordinance for Enforcement of the Act on Special Measures concerning the Handling of Legal Services by Foreign Lawyers (the Cabinet Secretariat website)
Articles of Association of Japan Federation of Bar Associations (PDF:196KB)
3 Basic Rules Concerning Foreign Special Members (PDF:136KB)
4 Basic Rules on the Duties of Practicing Attorneys As Applied to Foreign Special Members (PDF:1,685KB)
5 Rules concerning Registration Screening Procedure for Gaikokuho-Jimu-Bengoshi (PDF:58KB)
6 Regulations Concerning Registration and Handling of the Register of Gaikokuho-Jimu-Bengoshi (PDF:59KB)
7 Regulations Concerning the Badge of Gaikokuho-Jimu-Bengoshi (PDF:52KB)
8 Rules Concerning Denoting of Foreign Special Members (PDF:46KB)
9 Rules Concerning Advertising of Practice by Foreign Special Members (PDF:68KB)
10 Rules Concerning Gaikokuho-Jimu-Bengoshi Fees
11 Rules on employment of Bengoshi and Gaikokuho-Jimu-Bengoshi by Gaikokuho-Jimu-Bengoshi (PDF:33KB)
11-2 Regulations for the Handling of Notification of Employment of Attorneys or Gaikokuho-Jimu-Bengoshi by Gaikokuho-Jimu-Bengoshi, Etc. (PDF:59KB)
12 Rules on Gaikokuho Joint Enterprises (PDF:53KB)
12-2 Regulations for Handling of Notification of Gaikokuho Joint Enterprises, Etc. (PDF:57KB)
13 Standards for the Indication of Gaikokuho Joint Enterprises (PDF:97KB)
14 Rules Concerning Notification of Employment of Foreign Lawyers (PDF:38KB)
15 Rules regarding the Notification of Assumption of Public Post by Gaikokuho-Jimu-Bengoshi, Etc. (PDF:35KB)
16 Rules regarding Notification of For-Profit Business by Gaikokuho-Jimu-Bengoshi, Etc. (PDF:41KB)
17 not translated
18 not translated
19 Rules concerning Public Notice and Announcement of Disciplinary Action against Gaikokuho-Jimu-Bengoshi, Etc. (PDF:51KB)
20 Regulations Concerning Mutual Assistance in Maintenance of Discipline of Foreign Special Members (PDF:35KB)